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Perennial staple crops provide protein, carbohydrates, and fats on long lived trees, shrubs, vines, succulents, and perennial herbs. You can ready my 2011 article Perennial Staple Crops of the World here.
For more up-to-date but not quit comprehensive lists of tropical perennial staples in English and Spanish see the new handouts below:
Also you can view my recent academic Perennial Crops for Food Security here.